package Catalyst::Engine; use Moose; with 'MooseX::Emulate::Class::Accessor::Fast'; use CGI::Simple::Cookie; use Data::Dump qw/dump/; use Errno 'EWOULDBLOCK'; use HTML::Entities; use HTTP::Body; use HTTP::Headers; use URI::QueryParam; use Plack::Loader; use Catalyst::EngineLoader; use Encode (); use utf8; use namespace::clean -except => 'meta'; # Amount of data to read from input on each pass our $CHUNKSIZE = 64 * 1024; # XXX - this is only here for compat, do not use! has env => ( is => 'rw', writer => '_set_env' ); my $WARN_ABOUT_ENV = 0; around env => sub { my ($orig, $self, @args) = @_; if(@args) { warn "env as a writer is deprecated, you probably need to upgrade Catalyst::Engine::PSGI" unless $WARN_ABOUT_ENV++; return $self->_set_env(@args); } return $self->$orig; }; # XXX - Only here for Engine::PSGI compat sub prepare_connection { my ($self, $ctx) = @_; $ctx->request->prepare_connection; } =head1 NAME Catalyst::Engine - The Catalyst Engine =head1 SYNOPSIS See L. =head1 DESCRIPTION =head1 METHODS =head2 $self->finalize_body($c) Finalize body. Prints the response output. =cut sub finalize_body { my ( $self, $c ) = @_; my $body = $c->response->body; no warnings 'uninitialized'; if ( blessed($body) && $body->can('read') or ref($body) eq 'GLOB' ) { my $got; do { $got = read $body, my ($buffer), $CHUNKSIZE; $got = 0 unless $self->write( $c, $buffer ); } while $got > 0; close $body; } else { $self->write( $c, $body ); } my $res = $c->response; $res->_writer->close; $res->_clear_writer; return; } =head2 $self->finalize_cookies($c) Create CGI::Simple::Cookie objects from $c->res->cookies, and set them as response headers. =cut sub finalize_cookies { my ( $self, $c ) = @_; my @cookies; my $response = $c->response; foreach my $name (keys %{ $response->cookies }) { my $val = $response->cookies->{$name}; my $cookie = ( blessed($val) ? $val : CGI::Simple::Cookie->new( -name => $name, -value => $val->{value}, -expires => $val->{expires}, -domain => $val->{domain}, -path => $val->{path}, -secure => $val->{secure} || 0, -httponly => $val->{httponly} || 0, ) ); if (!defined $cookie) { $c->log->warn("undef passed in '$name' cookie value - not setting cookie") if $c->debug; next; } push @cookies, $cookie->as_string; } for my $cookie (@cookies) { $response->headers->push_header( 'Set-Cookie' => $cookie ); } } =head2 $self->finalize_error($c) Output an appropriate error message. Called if there's an error in $c after the dispatch has finished. Will output debug messages if Catalyst is in debug mode, or a `please come back later` message otherwise. =cut sub _dump_error_page_element { my ($self, $i, $element) = @_; my ($name, $val) = @{ $element }; # This is fugly, but the metaclass is _HUGE_ and demands waaay too much # scrolling. Suggestions for more pleasant ways to do this welcome. local $val->{'__MOP__'} = "Stringified: " . $val->{'__MOP__'} if ref $val eq 'HASH' && exists $val->{'__MOP__'}; my $text = encode_entities( dump( $val )); sprintf <<"EOF", $name, $text;

%s

%s
EOF } sub finalize_error { my ( $self, $c ) = @_; $c->res->content_type('text/html; charset=utf-8'); my $name = ref($c)->config->{name} || join(' ', split('::', ref $c)); # Prevent Catalyst::Plugin::Unicode::Encoding from running. # This is a little nasty, but it's the best way to be clean whether or # not the user has an encoding plugin. if ($c->can('encoding')) { $c->{encoding} = ''; } my ( $title, $error, $infos ); if ( $c->debug ) { # For pretty dumps $error = join '', map { '

' . encode_entities($_) . '

' } @{ $c->error }; $error ||= 'No output'; $error = qq{
$error
}; $title = $name = "$name on Catalyst $Catalyst::VERSION"; $name = "

$name

"; # Don't show context in the dump $c->res->_clear_context; # Don't show body parser in the dump $c->req->_clear_body; my @infos; my $i = 0; for my $dump ( $c->dump_these ) { push @infos, $self->_dump_error_page_element($i, $dump); $i++; } $infos = join "\n", @infos; } else { $title = $name; $error = ''; $infos = <<"";
(en) Please come back later
(fr) SVP veuillez revenir plus tard
(de) Bitte versuchen sie es spaeter nocheinmal
(at) Konnten's bitt'schoen spaeter nochmal reinschauen
(no) Vennligst prov igjen senere
(dk) Venligst prov igen senere
(pl) Prosze sprobowac pozniej
(pt) Por favor volte mais tarde
(ru) Попробуйте еще раз позже
(ua) Спробуйте ще раз пізніше
$name = ''; } $c->res->body( <<"" ); $title
$error
$infos
$name
# Trick IE. Old versions of IE would display their own error page instead # of ours if we'd give it less than 512 bytes. $c->res->{body} .= ( ' ' x 512 ); $c->res->{body} = Encode::encode("UTF-8", $c->res->{body}); # Return 500 $c->res->status(500); } =head2 $self->finalize_headers($c) Allows engines to write headers to response =cut sub finalize_headers { my ($self, $ctx) = @_; $ctx->finalize_headers unless $ctx->response->finalized_headers; return; } =head2 $self->finalize_uploads($c) Clean up after uploads, deleting temp files. =cut sub finalize_uploads { my ( $self, $c ) = @_; # N.B. This code is theoretically entirely unneeded due to ->cleanup(1) # on the HTTP::Body object. my $request = $c->request; foreach my $key (keys %{ $request->uploads }) { my $upload = $request->uploads->{$key}; unlink grep { -e $_ } map { $_->tempname } (ref $upload eq 'ARRAY' ? @{$upload} : ($upload)); } } =head2 $self->prepare_body($c) sets up the L object body using L =cut sub prepare_body { my ( $self, $c ) = @_; $c->request->prepare_body; } =head2 $self->prepare_body_chunk($c) Add a chunk to the request body. =cut # XXX - Can this be deleted? sub prepare_body_chunk { my ( $self, $c, $chunk ) = @_; $c->request->prepare_body_chunk($chunk); } =head2 $self->prepare_body_parameters($c) Sets up parameters from body. =cut sub prepare_body_parameters { my ( $self, $c ) = @_; $c->request->prepare_body_parameters; } =head2 $self->prepare_parameters($c) sets up parameters from query and post parameters. =cut sub prepare_parameters { my ( $self, $c ) = @_; $c->request->parameters; } =head2 $self->prepare_path($c) abstract method, implemented by engines. =cut sub prepare_path { my ($self, $ctx) = @_; my $env = $ctx->request->env; my $scheme = $ctx->request->secure ? 'https' : 'http'; my $host = $env->{HTTP_HOST} || $env->{SERVER_NAME}; my $port = $env->{SERVER_PORT} || 80; my $base_path = $env->{SCRIPT_NAME} || "/"; # set the request URI my $path; if (!$ctx->config->{use_request_uri_for_path}) { my $path_info = $env->{PATH_INFO}; if ( exists $env->{REDIRECT_URL} ) { $base_path = $env->{REDIRECT_URL}; $base_path =~ s/\Q$path_info\E$//; } $path = $base_path . $path_info; $path =~ s{^/+}{}; $path =~ s/([^$URI::uric])/$URI::Escape::escapes{$1}/go; $path =~ s/\?/%3F/g; # STUPID STUPID SPECIAL CASE } else { my $req_uri = $env->{REQUEST_URI}; $req_uri =~ s/\?.*$//; $path = $req_uri; $path =~ s{^/+}{}; } # Using URI directly is way too slow, so we construct the URLs manually my $uri_class = "URI::$scheme"; # HTTP_HOST will include the port even if it's 80/443 $host =~ s/:(?:80|443)$//; if ($port !~ /^(?:80|443)$/ && $host !~ /:/) { $host .= ":$port"; } my $query = $env->{QUERY_STRING} ? '?' . $env->{QUERY_STRING} : ''; my $uri = $scheme . '://' . $host . '/' . $path . $query; $ctx->request->uri( (bless \$uri, $uri_class)->canonical ); # set the base URI # base must end in a slash $base_path .= '/' unless $base_path =~ m{/$}; my $base_uri = $scheme . '://' . $host . $base_path; $ctx->request->base( bless \$base_uri, $uri_class ); return; } =head2 $self->prepare_request($c) =head2 $self->prepare_query_parameters($c) process the query string and extract query parameters. =cut sub prepare_query_parameters { my ($self, $c) = @_; my $env = $c->request->env; my $query_string = exists $env->{QUERY_STRING} ? $env->{QUERY_STRING} : ''; # Check for keywords (no = signs) # (yes, index() is faster than a regex :)) if ( index( $query_string, '=' ) < 0 ) { $c->request->query_keywords( $self->unescape_uri($query_string) ); return; } my %query; # replace semi-colons $query_string =~ s/;/&/g; my @params = grep { length $_ } split /&/, $query_string; for my $item ( @params ) { my ($param, $value) = map { $self->unescape_uri($_) } split( /=/, $item, 2 ); $param = $self->unescape_uri($item) unless defined $param; if ( exists $query{$param} ) { if ( ref $query{$param} ) { push @{ $query{$param} }, $value; } else { $query{$param} = [ $query{$param}, $value ]; } } else { $query{$param} = $value; } } $c->request->query_parameters( \%query ); } =head2 $self->prepare_read($c) Prepare to read by initializing the Content-Length from headers. =cut sub prepare_read { my ( $self, $c ) = @_; # Initialize the amount of data we think we need to read $c->request->_read_length; } =head2 $self->prepare_request(@arguments) Populate the context object from the request object. =cut sub prepare_request { my ($self, $ctx, %args) = @_; $ctx->request->_set_env($args{env}); $self->_set_env($args{env}); # Nasty back compat! $ctx->response->_set_response_cb($args{response_cb}); } =head2 $self->prepare_uploads($c) =cut sub prepare_uploads { my ( $self, $c ) = @_; my $request = $c->request; return unless $request->_body; my $uploads = $request->_body->upload; my $parameters = $request->parameters; foreach my $name (keys %$uploads) { my $files = $uploads->{$name}; my @uploads; for my $upload (ref $files eq 'ARRAY' ? @$files : ($files)) { my $headers = HTTP::Headers->new( %{ $upload->{headers} } ); my $u = Catalyst::Request::Upload->new ( size => $upload->{size}, type => scalar $headers->content_type, headers => $headers, tempname => $upload->{tempname}, filename => $upload->{filename}, ); push @uploads, $u; } $request->uploads->{$name} = @uploads > 1 ? \@uploads : $uploads[0]; # support access to the filename as a normal param my @filenames = map { $_->{filename} } @uploads; # append, if there's already params with this name if (exists $parameters->{$name}) { if (ref $parameters->{$name} eq 'ARRAY') { push @{ $parameters->{$name} }, @filenames; } else { $parameters->{$name} = [ $parameters->{$name}, @filenames ]; } } else { $parameters->{$name} = @filenames > 1 ? \@filenames : $filenames[0]; } } } =head2 $self->write($c, $buffer) Writes the buffer to the client. =cut sub write { my ( $self, $c, $buffer ) = @_; $c->response->write($buffer); } =head2 $self->read($c, [$maxlength]) Reads from the input stream by calling C<< $self->read_chunk >>. Maintains the read_length and read_position counters as data is read. =cut sub read { my ( $self, $c, $maxlength ) = @_; $c->request->read($maxlength); } =head2 $self->read_chunk($c, \$buffer, $length) Each engine implements read_chunk as its preferred way of reading a chunk of data. Returns the number of bytes read. A return of 0 indicates that there is no more data to be read. =cut sub read_chunk { my ($self, $ctx) = (shift, shift); return $ctx->request->read_chunk(@_); } =head2 $self->run($app, $server) Start the engine. Builds a PSGI application and calls the run method on the server passed in, which then causes the engine to loop, handling requests.. =cut sub run { my ($self, $app, $psgi, @args) = @_; # @args left here rather than just a $options, $server for back compat with the # old style scripts which send a few args, then a hashref # They should never actually be used in the normal case as the Plack engine is # passed in got all the 'standard' args via the loader in the script already. # FIXME - we should stash the options in an attribute so that custom args # like Gitalist's --git_dir are possible to get from the app without stupid tricks. my $server = pop @args if (scalar @args && blessed $args[-1]); my $options = pop @args if (scalar @args && ref($args[-1]) eq 'HASH'); # Back compat hack for applications with old (non Catalyst::Script) scripts to work in FCGI. if (scalar @args && !ref($args[0])) { if (my $listen = shift @args) { $options->{listen} ||= [$listen]; } } if (! $server ) { $server = Catalyst::EngineLoader->new(application_name => ref($self))->auto(%$options); # We're not being called from a script, so auto detect what backend to # run on. This should never happen, as mod_perl never calls ->run, # instead the $app->handle method is called per request. $app->log->warn("Not supplied a Plack engine, falling back to engine auto-loader (are your scripts ancient?)") } $app->run_options($options); $server->run($psgi, $options); } =head2 build_psgi_app ($app, @args) Builds and returns a PSGI application closure. (Raw, not wrapped in middleware) =cut sub build_psgi_app { my ($self, $app, @args) = @_; return sub { my ($env) = @_; return sub { my ($respond) = @_; confess("Did not get a response callback for writer, cannot continiue") unless $respond; $app->handle_request(env => $env, response_cb => $respond); }; }; } =head2 $self->unescape_uri($uri) Unescapes a given URI using the most efficient method available. Engines such as Apache may implement this using Apache's C-based modules, for example. =cut sub unescape_uri { my ( $self, $str ) = @_; $str =~ s/(?:%([0-9A-Fa-f]{2})|\+)/defined $1 ? chr(hex($1)) : ' '/eg; return $str; } =head2 $self->finalize_output , see finalize_body =head2 $self->env Hash containing environment variables including many special variables inserted by WWW server - like SERVER_*, REMOTE_*, HTTP_* ... Before accessing environment variables consider whether the same information is not directly available via Catalyst objects $c->request, $c->engine ... BEWARE: If you really need to access some environment variable from your Catalyst application you should use $c->engine->env->{VARNAME} instead of $ENV{VARNAME}, as in some environments the %ENV hash does not contain what you would expect. =head1 AUTHORS Catalyst Contributors, see Catalyst.pm =head1 COPYRIGHT This library is free software. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. =cut 1;