insert

Syntax:

    #include <map>
    iterator insert( iterator pos, const TYPE& val );
    iterator insert( const TYPE& val );
    void insert( input_iterator start, input_iterator end );

The function insert() either:

  • inserts val after the element at pos (where pos is really just a suggestion as to where val should go, since multimaps are ordered), and returns an iterator to that element.
  • inserts val into the multimap, returning an iterator to the element inserted.
  • inserts a range of elements from start to end.

For example, the following code uses the insert() function to add several <name,ID> pairs to a employee multimap:

    multimap<string,int> m;
 
    int employeeID = 0;
    m.insert( pair<string,int>("Bob Smith",employeeID++) );
    m.insert( pair<string,int>("Bob Thompson",employeeID++) );
    m.insert( pair<string,int>("Bob Smithey",employeeID++) );
    m.insert( pair<string,int>("Bob Smith",employeeID++) );
 
    cout << "Number of employees named 'Bob Smith': " << m.count("Bob Smith") << endl;
    cout << "Number of employees named 'Bob Thompson': " << m.count("Bob Thompson") << endl;
    cout << "Number of employees named 'Bob Smithey': " << m.count("Bob Smithey") << endl;
 
    cout << "Employee list: " << endl;
    for( multimap<string, int>::iterator iter = m.begin(); iter != m.end(); ++iter ) {
      cout << " Name: " << iter->first << ", ID #" << iter->second << endl;
    }

When run, the above code produces the following output:

  Number of employees named 'Bob Smith': 2
  Number of employees named 'Bob Thompson': 1
  Number of employees named 'Bob Smithey': 1
  Employee list:
   Name: Bob Smith, ID #0
   Name: Bob Smith, ID #3
   Name: Bob Smithey, ID #2
   Name: Bob Thompson, ID #1