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String Stream Constructors

Syntax:

    #include <sstream>
    stringstream();
    explicit stringstream( ios_base::openmode mode );
    stringstream( const string& s, ios_base::openmode mode );
    ostringstream();
    explicit ostringstream( ios_base::openmode mode );
    ostringstream( const string& s, ios_base::openmode mode );
    istringstream();
    explicit istringstream( ios_base::openmode mode );
    istringstream( const string& s, ios_base::openmode mode );

The stringstream, ostringstream, and istringstream objects are used for input and output to a string. They behave in a manner similar to fstream, ofstream and ifstream objects.

The optional mode parameter defines how the file is to be opened, according to the IO stream mode flags.

An ostringstream object can be used to write to a string. This is similar to the Standard C Library sprintf function. For example:

    ostringstream s1;
    int i = 22;
    s1 << "Hello " << i << endl;
    string s2 = s1.str();
    cout << s2;

An istringstream object can be used to read from a string. This is similar to the Standard C Library sscanf function. For example:

    istringstream stream1;
    string string1 = "25";
    stream1.str(string1);
    int i;
    stream1 >> i;
    cout << i << endl;  // displays 25

You can also specify the input string in the istringstream constructor as in this example:

    string string1 = "25";
    istringstream stream1(string1);
    int i;
    stream1 >> i;
    cout << i << endl;  // displays 25

A stringstream object can be used for both input and output to a string like an fstream object.

Related Topics: C++ I/O streams

 
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