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set_intersection

Syntax:

    #include <algorithm>
    template< typename InIterA, typename InIterB, typename OutIter >
    OutIter set_intersection( InIterA start1, InIterA end1, InIterB start2, InIterB end2, OutIter result );
    template< typename InIterA, typename InIterB, typename OutIter, typename StrictWeakOrdering >
    OutIter set_intersection( InIterA start1, InIterA end1, InIterB start2, InIterB end2, OutIter result, StrictWeakOrdering cmp );

The set_intersection() algorithm computes the intersection of the two sets defined by [start1,end1) and [start2,end2) and stores the intersection starting at result.

Both of the sets, given as ranges, must be sorted in ascending order.

The return value of set_intersection() is an iterator to the end of the intersection range.

set_intersection() runs in linear time.

If the strict weak ordering comparison function object cmp is not specified, set_intersection() will use the < operator to compare elements.

Example

// set_intersection example
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
using namespace std;
 
int main () {
  int first[] = {5,10,15,20,25};
  int second[] = {50,40,30,20,10};
  vector<int> v(10);                           // 0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
  vector<int>::iterator it;
 
  sort (first,first+5);     //  5 10 15 20 25
  sort (second,second+5);   // 10 20 30 40 50
 
  it=set_intersection (first, first+5, second, second+5, v.begin());
                                               // 10 20 0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0
 
  cout << "intersection has " << int(it - v.begin()) << " elements.\n";
 
  return 0;
}

Output: intersection has 2 elements

Related Topics: includes, set_difference, set_symmetric_difference, set_union

 
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