NAME

Net::IANA::Services - Makes working with named ip services easier

VERSION

version 0.003002

SYNOPSIS

    #  Load the module
    use Net::IANA::Services (
        #  Import the regular expressions to test for services/ports
        ':regexes',

        #  Import the hashes to test for services/ports or get info for a service/protocol
        ':hashes',

        #  Import the subroutines to test for services/ports or get info for a service/protocol
        ':subs',

        #  Alternatively this loads everything
        #  ':all',
    );


    #  Declare some strings to test
    my $service = 'https';
    my $port    = 22;


    #  How the regexes work
    $service =~ $IANA_REGEX_SERVICES;      # 1
    $service =~ $IANA_REGEX_SERVICES_UDP;  # 1
    $port    =~ $IANA_REGEX_PORTS;         # 1
    $port    =~ $IANA_REGEX_PORTS_TCP;     # 1


    #  Demonstration of the service hashes
    $IANA_HASH_INFO_FOR_SERVICE->{ $service }{ tcp }{ 443 }; # { name => 'https', desc => 'http protocol over TLS/SSL', note => '' }

    $IANA_HASH_PORTS_FOR_SERVICE      ->{ $service }; # [qw/ 443 /]              --  List of all the services that use that port

    #  Demonstration  of the port hashes
    $IANA_HASH_SERVICES_FOR_PORT      ->{ $port }     ;  # [qw/ ssh /]  --  List of all the services that use that port
    $IANA_HASH_SERVICES_FOR_PORT_PROTO->{ $port }{tcp};  # [qw/ ssh /]  --  Hash of all the protocol/services that use that port


    #  Demonstration of the service/port checker subroutines
    iana_has_service( $service        );  # 1
    iana_has_service( $service, 'tcp' );  # 1
    iana_has_service( $service, 'bla' );  # 0
    iana_has_port   ( $port           );  # 1

    #  Demonstration of the service/port info subroutines
    iana_info_for_service( $service        );  # Returns a hash of the different protocol definitions
    iana_info_for_service( $service, 'tcp' );  # Returns a hash of the info for https over tcp
    iana_info_for_port   ( $port           );  # Returns a list all services that go over that port (regardless of the protocol)
    iana_info_for_port   ( $port, 'tcp'    );  # Returns a list all services that go over that port on tcp

DESCRIPTION

Working with named services can be a pain when you want to go back and forth between the port and its real name. This module helps alleviate some of those pain points by defining some helping hashes, functions, and regular expressions.

CONSTANTS

$IANA_REGEX_PORTS

Regular expression to match any port, irregardless of which protocol it goes over.

While this is a highly optimized regex, you should consider using the hashes or subroutines instead as they are much better. This is merely for your convenience.

Case is ignored and the protocol must match on a word boundary!

Examples

    # Matches
    $port =~ $IANA_REGEX_PORTS;

    # Won't match
    $non_port =~ $IANA_REGEX_PORTS;

$IANA_REGEX_SERVICES

Regular expression to match any service, irregardless of which protocol it goes over.

While this is a highly optimized regex, you should consider using the hashes or subroutines instead as they are much better. This is merely for your convenience.

Case is ignored and the protocol must match on a word boundary!

Examples

    # Matches
    $service =~ $IANA_REGEX_SERVICES;

    # Won't match
    $non_service =~ $IANA_REGEX_SERVICES;

$IANA_REGEX_PORTS_DCCP

Regular expression to match any port that is known to work over dccp.

While this is a highly optimized regex, you should consider using the hashes or subroutines instead as they are much better. This is merely for your convenience.

Case is ignored and the protocol must match on a word boundary!

Examples

    # Matches
    $port_dccp =~ $IANA_REGEX_PORTS_DCCP;

    # Won't match
    $non_port_dccp =~ $IANA_REGEX_PORTS_DCCP;

$IANA_REGEX_PORTS_SCTP

Regular expression to match any port that is known to work over sctp.

While this is a highly optimized regex, you should consider using the hashes or subroutines instead as they are much better. This is merely for your convenience.

Case is ignored and the protocol must match on a word boundary!

Examples

    # Matches
    $port_sctp =~ $IANA_REGEX_PORTS_SCTP;

    # Won't match
    $non_port_sctp =~ $IANA_REGEX_PORTS_SCTP;

$IANA_REGEX_PORTS_TCP

Regular expression to match any port that is known to work over tcp.

While this is a highly optimized regex, you should consider using the hashes or subroutines instead as they are much better. This is merely for your convenience.

Case is ignored and the protocol must match on a word boundary!

Examples

    # Matches
    $port_tcp =~ $IANA_REGEX_PORTS_TCP;

    # Won't match
    $non_port_tcp =~ $IANA_REGEX_PORTS_TCP;

$IANA_REGEX_PORTS_UDP

Regular expression to match any port that is known to work over udp.

While this is a highly optimized regex, you should consider using the hashes or subroutines instead as they are much better. This is merely for your convenience.

Case is ignored and the protocol must match on a word boundary!

Examples

    # Matches
    $port_udp =~ $IANA_REGEX_PORTS_UDP;

    # Won't match
    $non_port_udp =~ $IANA_REGEX_PORTS_UDP;

$IANA_REGEX_SERVICES_DCCP

Regular expression to match any service that is known to work over dccp.

While this is a highly optimized regex, you should consider using the hashes or subroutines instead as they are much better. This is merely for your convenience.

Case is ignored and the protocol must match on a word boundary!

Examples

    # Matches
    $service_dccp =~ $IANA_REGEX_SERVICES_DCCP;

    # Won't match
    $non_service_dccp =~ $IANA_REGEX_SERVICES_DCCP;

$IANA_REGEX_SERVICES_SCTP

Regular expression to match any service that is known to work over sctp.

While this is a highly optimized regex, you should consider using the hashes or subroutines instead as they are much better. This is merely for your convenience.

Case is ignored and the protocol must match on a word boundary!

Examples

    # Matches
    $service_sctp =~ $IANA_REGEX_SERVICES_SCTP;

    # Won't match
    $non_service_sctp =~ $IANA_REGEX_SERVICES_SCTP;

$IANA_REGEX_SERVICES_TCP

Regular expression to match any service that is known to work over tcp.

While this is a highly optimized regex, you should consider using the hashes or subroutines instead as they are much better. This is merely for your convenience.

Case is ignored and the protocol must match on a word boundary!

Examples

    # Matches
    $service_tcp =~ $IANA_REGEX_SERVICES_TCP;

    # Won't match
    $non_service_tcp =~ $IANA_REGEX_SERVICES_TCP;

$IANA_REGEX_SERVICES_UDP

Regular expression to match any service that is known to work over udp.

While this is a highly optimized regex, you should consider using the hashes or subroutines instead as they are much better. This is merely for your convenience.

Case is ignored and the protocol must match on a word boundary!

Examples

    # Matches
    $service_udp =~ $IANA_REGEX_SERVICES_UDP;

    # Won't match
    $non_service_udp =~ $IANA_REGEX_SERVICES_UDP;

$IANA_HASH_INFO_FOR_SERVICE

This maps a service and a protocol to the information provided to us by IANA.

Examples

    #  Get info for ssh over tcp
    $ssh_tcp_info = $IANA_HASH_INFO_FOR_SERVICE->{ ssh }{ tcp };

    Dumper $ssh_tcp_info;
    #   22 => {
    #      desc => 'The Secure Shell (SSH) Protocol'
    #      name => 'ssh'
    #      note => 'Defined TXT keys: u=<username> p=<password>'
    #   }


    #  Get info for http over any protocol
    $http_info = $IANA_HASH_INFO_FOR_SERVICE->{ http };

    Dumper $http_info;
    #   sctp => {
    #       '80' => {
    #           desc => 'HTTP',
    #           name => 'http',
    #           note => 'Defined TXT keys: u=<username> p=<password> path=<path to document>',
    #       },
    #   },
    #   tcp => {
    #       '80' => {
    #           desc => 'World Wide Web HTTP',
    #           name => 'http',
    #           note => 'Defined TXT keys: u=<username> p=<password> path=<path to document>',
    #       },
    #   },
    #   udp => {
    #       '80' => {
    #           desc => 'World Wide Web HTTP',
    #           name => 'http',
    #           note => 'Defined TXT keys: u=<username> p=<password> path=<path to document>',
    #       },
    #   },

$IANA_HASH_SERVICES_FOR_PORT

This lists all of the services for the given port, irregardless of the protocol.

An empty list will be returned if nothing is found. This respects wantarray>

Examples

    my $port_22 = $IANA_HASH_SERVICES_FOR_PORT->{ 22 };
    Dumper $port_22;
    # [qw/ ssh /]

    my $port_1110 = $IANA_HASH_SERVICES_FOR_PORT->{ 1110 };
    Dumper $port_1110;
    # [qw/ nfsd-keepalive  webadmstart /]

$IANA_HASH_SERVICES_FOR_PORT_PROTO

This lists all of the services for the given port and protocol.

Examples

    my $port_22 = $IANA_HASH_SERVICES_FOR_PORT_PROTO->{ 22 }{ tcp };
    Dumper $port_22;
    # [qw/ ssh /]

    my $port_tcp_1110 = $IANA_HASH_SERVICES_FOR_PORT_PROTO->{ 1110 }{ tcp };
    Dumper $port_tcp_1110;
    # [qw/ webadmstart /]

    my $port_udp_1110 = $IANA_HASH_SERVICES_FOR_PORT_PROTO->{ 1110 }{ udp };
    Dumper $port_udp_1110;
    # [qw/ nfsd-keepalive /]

$IANA_HASH_PORTS_FOR_SERVICE

This lists all of the ports for the given service, irregardless of the protocol.

Example

    my $service_http_alt = $IANA_HASH_PORTS_FOR_SERVICE->{ 'http-alt' };
    Dumper $service_http_alt;
    # [qw/ 591  8008  8080 /];

METHODS

iana_has_port

Helper function to check if the given port (and optional protocol) is defined by IANA.

If only the port is given, then it will be checked across all protocols while restricting the search to just the provided protocol if one is given.

Arguments

  1. Port
  2. Protocol

Returns

  1. Search results

Examples

    iana_has_port( 22 );    # 1
    iana_has_port( 34221 ); # 0

    iana_has_port( 271, 'tcp' );  # 1
    iana_has_port( 271, 'udp' );  # 0

iana_has_service

Helper function to check if the given service (and optional protocol) is defined by IANA.

If only the service name is given, then it will be checked across all protocols while restricting the search to just the provided protocol if one is given.

Arguments

  1. Service Name
  2. Protocol

Returns

  1. Search results

Examples

    iana_has_service( 'ssh' );    # 1
    iana_has_service( 'not-ss' ); # 0

    iana_has_service( 'xmpp-server', 'tcp' );  # 1
    iana_has_service( 'xmpp-server', 'udp' );  # 0

iana_info_for_port

Helper function to get the known services for the given port and optional protocol, as defined by IANA.

If only the port is given, then you will get back an array ref containing all of the services that are defined by IANA. If a protocol is specified, then the returned prtocols will be limited to those running over that type.

Arguments

  1. Port
  2. Protocol

Returns

  1. Search results

Examples

    iana_info_for_port( 22 );    # [qw/ ssh /]
    iana_info_for_port( 34221 ); # undef

    iana_info_for_port( 271, 'tcp' );  # [qw/ pt-tls /]
    iana_info_for_port( 271, 'udp' );  # undef

iana_info_for_service

Helper function to get the known information for the given service and optional protocol, as defined by IANA.

If only the service is given, then you will get back a hash ref containing the normal return information hash for each defined protocol for that service.

Arguments

  1. Service Name
  2. Protocol

Returns

  1. Service information (for a provided protocol)

    The returned hash contains the following pieces of information (keys are lower case):

    Name

    The full name (with proper capitalization) for the requested service

    Desc

    A short synopsis of the service, usually a sentence or two long

    Note

    Any additional information they wanted to provided that users should be aware of

Examples

    iana_info_for_service( 'xribs' );  # { udp => { 2025 => { desc => '', name => 'xribs', note => '' } } }
    iana_info_for_service( 'not-ss' ); # undef

    iana_info_for_service( 'xribs', 'tcp' );  # undef
    iana_info_for_service( 'xribs', 'udp' );  # { 2025 => { desc => '', name => 'xribs', note => '' } }

INSTALLATION

See perlmodinstall for information and options on installing Perl modules.

AUTHOR

Adam Lesperance <lespea@gmail.com>

SUPPORT

Perldoc

You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

  perldoc Net::IANA::Services

Websites

The following websites have more information about this module, and may be of help to you. As always, in addition to those websites please use your favorite search engine to discover more resources.

Bugs / Feature Requests

Please report any bugs or feature requests by email to bug-net-iana-services at rt.cpan.org, or through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=Net-IANA-Services. You will be automatically notified of any progress on the request by the system.

Source Code

The code is open to the world, and available for you to hack on. Please feel free to browse it and play with it, or whatever. If you want to contribute patches, please send me a diff or prod me to pull from your repository :)

https://github.com/lespea/net-iana-services

  git clone git://github.com/lespea/net-iana-services.git

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2012 by Adam Lesperance.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY

BECAUSE THIS SOFTWARE IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE SOFTWARE, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE SOFTWARE "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE SOFTWARE PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR, OR CORRECTION.

IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE SOFTWARE AS PERMITTED BY THE ABOVE LICENCE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE SOFTWARE TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER SOFTWARE), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.