NAME

Logfile::Rotate - Perl module to rotate logfiles.


SYNOPSIS

   use Logfile::Rotate;
   my $log = new Logfile::Rotate( File   => '/var/adm/syslog/syslog.log', 
                                  Count  => 7,
                                  Gzip  => 'lib',
                                  Post   => sub{ 
                                    open(IN, "/var/run/syslog.pid");
                                    kill("HUP", chomp(<IN>)); }
                                  Dir    => '/var/log/old',
                                  Flock  => 'yes',
                                  Persist => 'yes',
                                );
   # process log file
   $log->rotate();
   or

   my $log = new Logfile::Rotate( File  => '/var/adm/syslog', 
                                  Gzip   => '/usr/local/bin/gzip');

   # process log file
   $log->rotate();
   undef $log;


DESCRIPTION

I have used the name space of the Logfile::Base manpage package by Ulrich Pfeifer, as the use of this module closely relates to the processing logfiles.

new
new accepts the following arguments, File, Count, Gzip, Pre, Post, Flock and Dir with only File being mandatory. new will open and lock the file, so you may co-ordinate the processing of the file with rotating it. The file is closed and unlocked when the object is destroyed, so you can do this explicitly by undef'ing the object.

The Pre/Post arguments allow you to pass function references to this method, which you may use as a callback for any processing you want before or after the rotation. For example, you may notify the process writing to the file that it has been rotated.

The Pre function is passed the current filename to be rotated as an argument and the Post function is passed the current filename that was rotated and that file's new filename including any extension added by compression previously.

Both the Pre and Post function references you provide are executed within an eval statement inside the rotate method. If the eval returns an error then the rotate method will croak at that point.

The Signal argument is deprecated by the Post argument.

The Flock argument allows you to specify whether the perl function flock is used to lock the file during the rotation operation. Apparently flock causes problems on some platforms and this option has been added to allow you to control the programs behaviour. By default the file will be locked using flock.

The Persist argument allows you to control whether the program will try and set the current log file ownership and permissions on any new files that may be created by the rotation. In some circumstances the program doing the file rotation may not have sufficient permission to chown on the file. By default the program will try and preserve ownership and permissions.

rotate()
This method will copy the file passed in new to a file of the same name, with a numeric extension and truncate the original file to zero length. The numeric extension will range from 1 up to the value specified by Count, or 7 if none is defined, with 1 being the most recent file. When Count is reached, the older file is discarded in a FIFO (first in, first out) fashion. If the argument Dir was given, all old files will be placed in the specified directory.

The Post function is the last step executed by the rotate method so the return code of rotate will be the return code of the function you proved, or 1 by default.

The copy function is implemented by using the the File::Copy manpage package, but I have had a few people suggest that they would prefer the File::Move manpage. I'm still not decided on this as you would loose data if the move should fail.

Optional Compression

If available rotate will also compress the file with the gzip program or the program passed as the Gzip argument.

You may now also use lib as a value for the Gzip argument. This directs the program to load the Compress::Zlib module, if available and use it do the compression within perl. This avoids the security issues associated with spawning external programs and is the recommended value for this option.

If no argument is defined it will first check to see if the Compress::Zlib module can be loaded then check the perl Config to determine if gzip is available on your system. In this case the gzip must be in your current path to succeed, and accept the -f option.

See the WARNING section below.

Optional Relocation Directory

If you specify an argument for Dir then the file being rotated will be relocated to the directory specified. Along with any other files that may have been rotated previously. If the directory name specified does not exist then it will be created with 0750 permissions. If you wish to have other permissions on the directory then I would recommend you create the directory before using this module.

See the WARNING section below.


WARNING

If a system call is made to gzip this makes this module vulnerable to security problems if a rogue gzip is in your path or gzip has been sabotaged. For this reason a STRONGLY RECOMMEND you DO NOT use this module while you are ROOT.

For a more secure alternative install the Compress::Zlib module and use the lib value for the Gzip argument.

If you specify an argument for Dir and the directory name you pass does not exist, this module will create the directory with permissions 0750.


DEPENDANCIES

See the File::Copy manpage.

If Gzip is being used it must create files with an extension of .gz for the file to be picked by the rotate cycle.


COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 1997-99 Paul Gampe. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR DISTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE TO ANY PARTY FOR DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, ITS DOCUMENTATION, OR ANY DERIVATIVES THEREOF, EVEN IF THE AUTHORS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

THE AUTHORS AND DISTRIBUTORS SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM ANY WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ON AN ``AS IS'' BASIS, AND THE AUTHORS AND DISTRIBUTORS HAVE NO OBLIGATION TO PROVIDE MAINTENANCE, SUPPORT, UPDATES, ENHANCEMENTS, OR MODIFICATIONS.


SEE ALSO

the File::Copy manpage, the Logfile::Base manpage, flock Changes file for change history and credits for contributions.


RETURN

All functions return 1 on success, 0 on failure.


AUTHOR

Paul Gampe <paulg@apnic.net>