#include "erfa.h"
int eraAtoi13(const char *type, double ob1, double ob2,
double utc1, double utc2, double dut1,
double elong, double phi, double hm, double xp, double yp,
double phpa, double tc, double rh, double wl,
double *ri, double *di)
/*
** - - - - - - - - - -
** e r a A t o i 1 3
** - - - - - - - - - -
**
** Observed place to CIRS. The caller supplies UTC, site coordinates,
** ambient air conditions and observing wavelength.
**
** Given:
** type char[] type of coordinates - "R", "H" or "A" (Notes 1,2)
** ob1 double observed Az, HA or RA (radians; Az is N=0,E=90)
** ob2 double observed ZD or Dec (radians)
** utc1 double UTC as a 2-part...
** utc2 double ...quasi Julian Date (Notes 3,4)
** dut1 double UT1-UTC (seconds, Note 5)
** elong double longitude (radians, east +ve, Note 6)
** phi double geodetic latitude (radians, Note 6)
** hm double height above the ellipsoid (meters, Notes 6,8)
** xp,yp double polar motion coordinates (radians, Note 7)
** phpa double pressure at the observer (hPa = mB, Note 8)
** tc double ambient temperature at the observer (deg C)
** rh double relative humidity at the observer (range 0-1)
** wl double wavelength (micrometers, Note 9)
**
** Returned:
** ri double* CIRS right ascension (CIO-based, radians)
** di double* CIRS declination (radians)
**
** Returned (function value):
** int status: +1 = dubious year (Note 2)
** 0 = OK
** -1 = unacceptable date
**
** Notes:
**
** 1) "Observed" Az,ZD means the position that would be seen by a
** perfect geodetically aligned theodolite. (Zenith distance is
** used rather than altitude in order to reflect the fact that no
** allowance is made for depression of the horizon.) This is
** related to the observed HA,Dec via the standard rotation, using
** the geodetic latitude (corrected for polar motion), while the
** observed HA and RA are related simply through the Earth rotation
** angle and the site longitude. "Observed" RA,Dec or HA,Dec thus
** means the position that would be seen by a perfect equatorial
** with its polar axis aligned to the Earth's axis of rotation.
**
** 2) Only the first character of the type argument is significant.
** "R" or "r" indicates that ob1 and ob2 are the observed right
** ascension and declination; "H" or "h" indicates that they are
** hour angle (west +ve) and declination; anything else ("A" or
** "a" is recommended) indicates that ob1 and ob2 are azimuth
** (north zero, east 90 deg) and zenith distance.
**
** 3) utc1+utc2 is quasi Julian Date (see Note 2), apportioned in any
** convenient way between the two arguments, for example where utc1
** is the Julian Day Number and utc2 is the fraction of a day.
**
** However, JD cannot unambiguously represent UTC during a leap
** second unless special measures are taken. The convention in the
** present function is that the JD day represents UTC days whether
** the length is 86399, 86400 or 86401 SI seconds.
**
** Applications should use the function eraDtf2d to convert from
** calendar date and time of day into 2-part quasi Julian Date, as
** it implements the leap-second-ambiguity convention just
** described.
**
** 4) The warning status "dubious year" flags UTCs that predate the
** introduction of the time scale or that are too far in the
** future to be trusted. See eraDat for further details.
**
** 5) UT1-UTC is tabulated in IERS bulletins. It increases by exactly
** one second at the end of each positive UTC leap second,
** introduced in order to keep UT1-UTC within +/- 0.9s. n.b. This
** practice is under review, and in the future UT1-UTC may grow
** essentially without limit.
**
** 6) The geographical coordinates are with respect to the ERFA_WGS84
** reference ellipsoid. TAKE CARE WITH THE LONGITUDE SIGN: the
** longitude required by the present function is east-positive
** (i.e. right-handed), in accordance with geographical convention.
**
** 7) The polar motion xp,yp can be obtained from IERS bulletins. The
** values are the coordinates (in radians) of the Celestial
** Intermediate Pole with respect to the International Terrestrial
** Reference System (see IERS Conventions 2003), measured along the
** meridians 0 and 90 deg west respectively. For many
** applications, xp and yp can be set to zero.
**
** 8) If hm, the height above the ellipsoid of the observing station
** in meters, is not known but phpa, the pressure in hPa (=mB), is
** available, an adequate estimate of hm can be obtained from the
** expression
**
** hm = -29.3 * tsl * log ( phpa / 1013.25 );
**
** where tsl is the approximate sea-level air temperature in K
** (See Astrophysical Quantities, C.W.Allen, 3rd edition, section
** 52). Similarly, if the pressure phpa is not known, it can be
** estimated from the height of the observing station, hm, as
** follows:
**
** phpa = 1013.25 * exp ( -hm / ( 29.3 * tsl ) );
**
** Note, however, that the refraction is nearly proportional to
** the pressure and that an accurate phpa value is important for
** precise work.
**
** 9) The argument wl specifies the observing wavelength in
** micrometers. The transition from optical to radio is assumed to
** occur at 100 micrometers (about 3000 GHz).
**
** 10) The accuracy of the result is limited by the corrections for
** refraction, which use a simple A*tan(z) + B*tan^3(z) model.
** Providing the meteorological parameters are known accurately and
** there are no gross local effects, the predicted astrometric
** coordinates should be within 0.05 arcsec (optical) or 1 arcsec
** (radio) for a zenith distance of less than 70 degrees, better
** than 30 arcsec (optical or radio) at 85 degrees and better
** than 20 arcmin (optical) or 30 arcmin (radio) at the horizon.
**
** Without refraction, the complementary functions eraAtio13 and
** eraAtoi13 are self-consistent to better than 1 microarcsecond
** all over the celestial sphere. With refraction included,
** consistency falls off at high zenith distances, but is still
** better than 0.05 arcsec at 85 degrees.
**
** 12) It is advisable to take great care with units, as even unlikely
** values of the input parameters are accepted and processed in
** accordance with the models used.
**
** Called:
** eraApio13 astrometry parameters, CIRS-observed, 2013
** eraAtoiq quick observed to CIRS
**
** Copyright (C) 2013-2014, NumFOCUS Foundation.
** Derived, with permission, from the SOFA library. See notes at end of file.
*/
{
int j;
eraASTROM astrom;
/* Star-independent astrometry parameters for CIRS->observed. */
j = eraApio13(utc1, utc2, dut1, elong, phi, hm, xp, yp,
phpa, tc, rh, wl, &astrom);
/* Abort if bad UTC. */
if ( j < 0 ) return j;
/* Transform observed to CIRS. */
eraAtoiq(type, ob1, ob2, &astrom, ri, di);
/* Return OK/warning status. */
return j;
/* Finished. */
}
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------
**
**
** Copyright (C) 2013-2014, NumFOCUS Foundation.
** All rights reserved.
**
** This library is derived, with permission, from the International
** Astronomical Union's "Standards of Fundamental Astronomy" library,
** available from http://www.iausofa.org.
**
** The ERFA version is intended to retain identical functionality to
** the SOFA library, but made distinct through different function and
** file names, as set out in the SOFA license conditions. The SOFA
** original has a role as a reference standard for the IAU and IERS,
** and consequently redistribution is permitted only in its unaltered
** state. The ERFA version is not subject to this restriction and
** therefore can be included in distributions which do not support the
** concept of "read only" software.
**
** Although the intent is to replicate the SOFA API (other than
** replacement of prefix names) and results (with the exception of
** bugs; any that are discovered will be fixed), SOFA is not
** responsible for any errors found in this version of the library.
**
** If you wish to acknowledge the SOFA heritage, please acknowledge
** that you are using a library derived from SOFA, rather than SOFA
** itself.
**
**
** TERMS AND CONDITIONS
**
** Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
** modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
** are met:
**
** 1 Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
** notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
**
** 2 Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
** notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
** the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
** distribution.
**
** 3 Neither the name of the Standards Of Fundamental Astronomy Board,
** the International Astronomical Union nor the names of its
** contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
** from this software without specific prior written permission.
**
** THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
** "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
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**
*/