#include "erfa.h"
void eraAtoiq(const char *type,
double ob1, double ob2, eraASTROM *astrom,
double *ri, double *di)
/*
** - - - - - - - - -
** e r a A t o i q
** - - - - - - - - -
**
** Quick observed place to CIRS, given the star-independent astrometry
** parameters.
**
** Use of this function is appropriate when efficiency is important and
** where many star positions are all to be transformed for one date.
** The star-independent astrometry parameters can be obtained by
** calling eraApio[13] or eraApco[13].
**
** Given:
** type char[] type of coordinates: "R", "H" or "A" (Note 1)
** ob1 double observed Az, HA or RA (radians; Az is N=0,E=90)
** ob2 double observed ZD or Dec (radians)
** astrom eraASTROM* star-independent astrometry parameters:
** pmt double PM time interval (SSB, Julian years)
** eb double[3] SSB to observer (vector, au)
** eh double[3] Sun to observer (unit vector)
** em double distance from Sun to observer (au)
** v double[3] barycentric observer velocity (vector, c)
** bm1 double sqrt(1-|v|^2): reciprocal of Lorenz factor
** bpn double[3][3] bias-precession-nutation matrix
** along double longitude + s' (radians)
** xpl double polar motion xp wrt local meridian (radians)
** ypl double polar motion yp wrt local meridian (radians)
** sphi double sine of geodetic latitude
** cphi double cosine of geodetic latitude
** diurab double magnitude of diurnal aberration vector
** eral double "local" Earth rotation angle (radians)
** refa double refraction constant A (radians)
** refb double refraction constant B (radians)
**
** Returned:
** ri double* CIRS right ascension (CIO-based, radians)
** di double* CIRS declination (radians)
**
** Notes:
**
** 1) "Observed" Az,El means the position that would be seen by a
** perfect geodetically aligned theodolite. This is related to
** the observed HA,Dec via the standard rotation, using the geodetic
** latitude (corrected for polar motion), while the observed HA and
** RA are related simply through the Earth rotation angle and the
** site longitude. "Observed" RA,Dec or HA,Dec thus means the
** position that would be seen by a perfect equatorial with its
** polar axis aligned to the Earth's axis of rotation. By removing
** from the observed place the effects of atmospheric refraction and
** diurnal aberration, the CIRS RA,Dec is obtained.
**
** 2) Only the first character of the type argument is significant.
** "R" or "r" indicates that ob1 and ob2 are the observed right
** ascension and declination; "H" or "h" indicates that they are
** hour angle (west +ve) and declination; anything else ("A" or
** "a" is recommended) indicates that ob1 and ob2 are azimuth (north
** zero, east 90 deg) and zenith distance. (Zenith distance is used
** rather than altitude in order to reflect the fact that no
** allowance is made for depression of the horizon.)
**
** 3) The accuracy of the result is limited by the corrections for
** refraction, which use a simple A*tan(z) + B*tan^3(z) model.
** Providing the meteorological parameters are known accurately and
** there are no gross local effects, the predicted observed
** coordinates should be within 0.05 arcsec (optical) or 1 arcsec
** (radio) for a zenith distance of less than 70 degrees, better
** than 30 arcsec (optical or radio) at 85 degrees and better than
** 20 arcmin (optical) or 30 arcmin (radio) at the horizon.
**
** Without refraction, the complementary functions eraAtioq and
** eraAtoiq are self-consistent to better than 1 microarcsecond all
** over the celestial sphere. With refraction included, consistency
** falls off at high zenith distances, but is still better than
** 0.05 arcsec at 85 degrees.
**
** 4) It is advisable to take great care with units, as even unlikely
** values of the input parameters are accepted and processed in
** accordance with the models used.
**
** Called:
** eraS2c spherical coordinates to unit vector
** eraC2s p-vector to spherical
** eraAnp normalize angle into range 0 to 2pi
**
** Copyright (C) 2013-2014, NumFOCUS Foundation.
** Derived, with permission, from the SOFA library. See notes at end of file.
*/
{
int c;
double c1, c2, sphi, cphi, ce, xaeo, yaeo, zaeo, v[3],
xmhdo, ymhdo, zmhdo, az, sz, zdo, refa, refb, tz, dref,
zdt, xaet, yaet, zaet, xmhda, ymhda, zmhda,
f, xhd, yhd, zhd, xpl, ypl, w, hma;
/* Coordinate type. */
c = (int) type[0];
/* Coordinates. */
c1 = ob1;
c2 = ob2;
/* Sin, cos of latitude. */
sphi = astrom->sphi;
cphi = astrom->cphi;
/* Standardize coordinate type. */
if ( c == 'r' || c == 'R' ) {
c = 'R';
} else if ( c == 'h' || c == 'H' ) {
c = 'H';
} else {
c = 'A';
}
/* If Az,ZD, convert to Cartesian (S=0,E=90). */
if ( c == 'A' ) {
ce = sin(c2);
xaeo = - cos(c1) * ce;
yaeo = sin(c1) * ce;
zaeo = cos(c2);
} else {
/* If RA,Dec, convert to HA,Dec. */
if ( c == 'R' ) c1 = astrom->eral - c1;
/* To Cartesian -HA,Dec. */
eraS2c ( -c1, c2, v );
xmhdo = v[0];
ymhdo = v[1];
zmhdo = v[2];
/* To Cartesian Az,El (S=0,E=90). */
xaeo = sphi*xmhdo - cphi*zmhdo;
yaeo = ymhdo;
zaeo = cphi*xmhdo + sphi*zmhdo;
}
/* Azimuth (S=0,E=90). */
az = ( xaeo != 0.0 || yaeo != 0.0 ) ? atan2(yaeo,xaeo) : 0.0;
/* Sine of observed ZD, and observed ZD. */
sz = sqrt ( xaeo*xaeo + yaeo*yaeo );
zdo = atan2 ( sz, zaeo );
/*
** Refraction
** ----------
*/
/* Fast algorithm using two constant model. */
refa = astrom->refa;
refb = astrom->refb;
tz = sz / zaeo;
dref = ( refa + refb*tz*tz ) * tz;
zdt = zdo + dref;
/* To Cartesian Az,ZD. */
ce = sin(zdt);
xaet = cos(az) * ce;
yaet = sin(az) * ce;
zaet = cos(zdt);
/* Cartesian Az,ZD to Cartesian -HA,Dec. */
xmhda = sphi*xaet + cphi*zaet;
ymhda = yaet;
zmhda = - cphi*xaet + sphi*zaet;
/* Diurnal aberration. */
f = ( 1.0 + astrom->diurab*ymhda );
xhd = f * xmhda;
yhd = f * ( ymhda - astrom->diurab );
zhd = f * zmhda;
/* Polar motion. */
xpl = astrom->xpl;
ypl = astrom->ypl;
w = xpl*xhd - ypl*yhd + zhd;
v[0] = xhd - xpl*w;
v[1] = yhd + ypl*w;
v[2] = w - ( xpl*xpl + ypl*ypl ) * zhd;
/* To spherical -HA,Dec. */
eraC2s(v, &hma, di);
/* Right ascension. */
*ri = eraAnp(astrom->eral + hma);
/* Finished. */
}
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------
**
**
** Copyright (C) 2013-2014, NumFOCUS Foundation.
** All rights reserved.
**
** This library is derived, with permission, from the International
** Astronomical Union's "Standards of Fundamental Astronomy" library,
** available from http://www.iausofa.org.
**
** The ERFA version is intended to retain identical functionality to
** the SOFA library, but made distinct through different function and
** file names, as set out in the SOFA license conditions. The SOFA
** original has a role as a reference standard for the IAU and IERS,
** and consequently redistribution is permitted only in its unaltered
** state. The ERFA version is not subject to this restriction and
** therefore can be included in distributions which do not support the
** concept of "read only" software.
**
** Although the intent is to replicate the SOFA API (other than
** replacement of prefix names) and results (with the exception of
** bugs; any that are discovered will be fixed), SOFA is not
** responsible for any errors found in this version of the library.
**
** If you wish to acknowledge the SOFA heritage, please acknowledge
** that you are using a library derived from SOFA, rather than SOFA
** itself.
**
**
** TERMS AND CONDITIONS
**
** Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
** modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
** are met:
**
** 1 Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
** notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
**
** 2 Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
** notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
** the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
** distribution.
**
** 3 Neither the name of the Standards Of Fundamental Astronomy Board,
** the International Astronomical Union nor the names of its
** contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
** from this software without specific prior written permission.
**
** THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
** "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
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**
*/