#include "erfa.h"
double eraPap(double a[3], double b[3])
/*
** - - - - - - -
** e r a P a p
** - - - - - - -
**
** Position-angle from two p-vectors.
**
** Given:
** a double[3] direction of reference point
** b double[3] direction of point whose PA is required
**
** Returned (function value):
** double position angle of b with respect to a (radians)
**
** Notes:
**
** 1) The result is the position angle, in radians, of direction b with
** respect to direction a. It is in the range -pi to +pi. The
** sense is such that if b is a small distance "north" of a the
** position angle is approximately zero, and if b is a small
** distance "east" of a the position angle is approximately +pi/2.
**
** 2) The vectors a and b need not be of unit length.
**
** 3) Zero is returned if the two directions are the same or if either
** vector is null.
**
** 4) If vector a is at a pole, the result is ill-defined.
**
** Called:
** eraPn decompose p-vector into modulus and direction
** eraPm modulus of p-vector
** eraPxp vector product of two p-vectors
** eraPmp p-vector minus p-vector
** eraPdp scalar product of two p-vectors
**
** Copyright (C) 2013-2014, NumFOCUS Foundation.
** Derived, with permission, from the SOFA library. See notes at end of file.
*/
{
double am, au[3], bm, st, ct, xa, ya, za, eta[3], xi[3], a2b[3], pa;
/* Modulus and direction of the a vector. */
eraPn(a, &am, au);
/* Modulus of the b vector. */
bm = eraPm(b);
/* Deal with the case of a null vector. */
if ((am == 0.0) || (bm == 0.0)) {
st = 0.0;
ct = 1.0;
} else {
/* The "north" axis tangential from a (arbitrary length). */
xa = a[0];
ya = a[1];
za = a[2];
eta[0] = -xa * za;
eta[1] = -ya * za;
eta[2] = xa*xa + ya*ya;
/* The "east" axis tangential from a (same length). */
eraPxp(eta, au, xi);
/* The vector from a to b. */
eraPmp(b, a, a2b);
/* Resolve into components along the north and east axes. */
st = eraPdp(a2b, xi);
ct = eraPdp(a2b, eta);
/* Deal with degenerate cases. */
if ((st == 0.0) && (ct == 0.0)) ct = 1.0;
}
/* Position angle. */
pa = atan2(st, ct);
return pa;
}
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------
**
**
** Copyright (C) 2013-2014, NumFOCUS Foundation.
** All rights reserved.
**
** This library is derived, with permission, from the International
** Astronomical Union's "Standards of Fundamental Astronomy" library,
** available from http://www.iausofa.org.
**
** The ERFA version is intended to retain identical functionality to
** the SOFA library, but made distinct through different function and
** file names, as set out in the SOFA license conditions. The SOFA
** original has a role as a reference standard for the IAU and IERS,
** and consequently redistribution is permitted only in its unaltered
** state. The ERFA version is not subject to this restriction and
** therefore can be included in distributions which do not support the
** concept of "read only" software.
**
** Although the intent is to replicate the SOFA API (other than
** replacement of prefix names) and results (with the exception of
** bugs; any that are discovered will be fixed), SOFA is not
** responsible for any errors found in this version of the library.
**
** If you wish to acknowledge the SOFA heritage, please acknowledge
** that you are using a library derived from SOFA, rather than SOFA
** itself.
**
**
** TERMS AND CONDITIONS
**
** Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
** modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
** are met:
**
** 1 Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
** notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
**
** 2 Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
** notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
** the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
** distribution.
**
** 3 Neither the name of the Standards Of Fundamental Astronomy Board,
** the International Astronomical Union nor the names of its
** contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
** from this software without specific prior written permission.
**
** THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
** "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
** LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
** FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
** COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
** INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING,
** BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
** LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER
** CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
** LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN
** ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
** POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
**
*/