#include "erfa.h"
int eraPvstar(double pv[2][3], double *ra, double *dec,
double *pmr, double *pmd, double *px, double *rv)
/*
** - - - - - - - - - -
** e r a P v s t a r
** - - - - - - - - - -
**
** Convert star position+velocity vector to catalog coordinates.
**
** Given (Note 1):
** pv double[2][3] pv-vector (AU, AU/day)
**
** Returned (Note 2):
** ra double right ascension (radians)
** dec double declination (radians)
** pmr double RA proper motion (radians/year)
** pmd double Dec proper motion (radians/year)
** px double parallax (arcsec)
** rv double radial velocity (km/s, positive = receding)
**
** Returned (function value):
** int status:
** 0 = OK
** -1 = superluminal speed (Note 5)
** -2 = null position vector
**
** Notes:
**
** 1) The specified pv-vector is the coordinate direction (and its rate
** of change) for the date at which the light leaving the star
** reached the solar-system barycenter.
**
** 2) The star data returned by this function are "observables" for an
** imaginary observer at the solar-system barycenter. Proper motion
** and radial velocity are, strictly, in terms of barycentric
** coordinate time, TCB. For most practical applications, it is
** permissible to neglect the distinction between TCB and ordinary
** "proper" time on Earth (TT/TAI). The result will, as a rule, be
** limited by the intrinsic accuracy of the proper-motion and
** radial-velocity data; moreover, the supplied pv-vector is likely
** to be merely an intermediate result (for example generated by the
** function eraStarpv), so that a change of time unit will cancel
** out overall.
**
** In accordance with normal star-catalog conventions, the object's
** right ascension and declination are freed from the effects of
** secular aberration. The frame, which is aligned to the catalog
** equator and equinox, is Lorentzian and centered on the SSB.
**
** Summarizing, the specified pv-vector is for most stars almost
** identical to the result of applying the standard geometrical
** "space motion" transformation to the catalog data. The
** differences, which are the subject of the Stumpff paper cited
** below, are:
**
** (i) In stars with significant radial velocity and proper motion,
** the constantly changing light-time distorts the apparent proper
** motion. Note that this is a classical, not a relativistic,
** effect.
**
** (ii) The transformation complies with special relativity.
**
** 3) Care is needed with units. The star coordinates are in radians
** and the proper motions in radians per Julian year, but the
** parallax is in arcseconds; the radial velocity is in km/s, but
** the pv-vector result is in AU and AU/day.
**
** 4) The proper motions are the rate of change of the right ascension
** and declination at the catalog epoch and are in radians per Julian
** year. The RA proper motion is in terms of coordinate angle, not
** true angle, and will thus be numerically larger at high
** declinations.
**
** 5) Straight-line motion at constant speed in the inertial frame is
** assumed. If the speed is greater than or equal to the speed of
** light, the function aborts with an error status.
**
** 6) The inverse transformation is performed by the function eraStarpv.
**
** Called:
** eraPn decompose p-vector into modulus and direction
** eraPdp scalar product of two p-vectors
** eraSxp multiply p-vector by scalar
** eraPmp p-vector minus p-vector
** eraPm modulus of p-vector
** eraPpp p-vector plus p-vector
** eraPv2s pv-vector to spherical
** eraAnp normalize angle into range 0 to 2pi
**
** Reference:
**
** Stumpff, P., 1985, Astron.Astrophys. 144, 232-240.
**
** Copyright (C) 2013-2014, NumFOCUS Foundation.
** Derived, with permission, from the SOFA library. See notes at end of file.
*/
{
double r, x[3], vr, ur[3], vt, ut[3], bett, betr, d, w, del,
usr[3], ust[3], a, rad, decd, rd;
/* Isolate the radial component of the velocity (AU/day, inertial). */
eraPn(pv[0], &r, x);
vr = eraPdp(x, pv[1]);
eraSxp(vr, x, ur);
/* Isolate the transverse component of the velocity (AU/day, inertial). */
eraPmp(pv[1], ur, ut);
vt = eraPm(ut);
/* Special-relativity dimensionless parameters. */
bett = vt / ERFA_DC;
betr = vr / ERFA_DC;
/* The inertial-to-observed correction terms. */
d = 1.0 + betr;
w = 1.0 - betr*betr - bett*bett;
if (d == 0.0 || w < 0) return -1;
del = sqrt(w) - 1.0;
/* Apply relativistic correction factor to radial velocity component. */
w = (betr != 0) ? (betr - del) / (betr * d) : 1.0;
eraSxp(w, ur, usr);
/* Apply relativistic correction factor to tangential velocity */
/* component. */
eraSxp(1.0/d, ut, ust);
/* Combine the two to obtain the observed velocity vector (AU/day). */
eraPpp(usr, ust, pv[1]);
/* Cartesian to spherical. */
eraPv2s(pv, &a, dec, &r, &rad, &decd, &rd);
if (r == 0.0) return -2;
/* Return RA in range 0 to 2pi. */
*ra = eraAnp(a);
/* Return proper motions in radians per year. */
*pmr = rad * ERFA_DJY;
*pmd = decd * ERFA_DJY;
/* Return parallax in arcsec. */
*px = ERFA_DR2AS / r;
/* Return radial velocity in km/s. */
*rv = 1e-3 * rd * ERFA_DAU / ERFA_DAYSEC;
/* OK status. */
return 0;
}
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------
**
**
** Copyright (C) 2013-2014, NumFOCUS Foundation.
** All rights reserved.
**
** This library is derived, with permission, from the International
** Astronomical Union's "Standards of Fundamental Astronomy" library,
** available from http://www.iausofa.org.
**
** The ERFA version is intended to retain identical functionality to
** the SOFA library, but made distinct through different function and
** file names, as set out in the SOFA license conditions. The SOFA
** original has a role as a reference standard for the IAU and IERS,
** and consequently redistribution is permitted only in its unaltered
** state. The ERFA version is not subject to this restriction and
** therefore can be included in distributions which do not support the
** concept of "read only" software.
**
** Although the intent is to replicate the SOFA API (other than
** replacement of prefix names) and results (with the exception of
** bugs; any that are discovered will be fixed), SOFA is not
** responsible for any errors found in this version of the library.
**
** If you wish to acknowledge the SOFA heritage, please acknowledge
** that you are using a library derived from SOFA, rather than SOFA
** itself.
**
**
** TERMS AND CONDITIONS
**
** Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
** modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
** are met:
**
** 1 Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
** notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
**
** 2 Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
** notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
** the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
** distribution.
**
** 3 Neither the name of the Standards Of Fundamental Astronomy Board,
** the International Astronomical Union nor the names of its
** contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
** from this software without specific prior written permission.
**
** THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
** "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
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** FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
** COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
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** BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
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**
*/