#include "erfa.h"
double eraSepp(double a[3], double b[3])
/*
** - - - - - - - -
** e r a S e p p
** - - - - - - - -
**
** Angular separation between two p-vectors.
**
** Given:
** a double[3] first p-vector (not necessarily unit length)
** b double[3] second p-vector (not necessarily unit length)
**
** Returned (function value):
** double angular separation (radians, always positive)
**
** Notes:
**
** 1) If either vector is null, a zero result is returned.
**
** 2) The angular separation is most simply formulated in terms of
** scalar product. However, this gives poor accuracy for angles
** near zero and pi. The present algorithm uses both cross product
** and dot product, to deliver full accuracy whatever the size of
** the angle.
**
** Called:
** eraPxp vector product of two p-vectors
** eraPm modulus of p-vector
** eraPdp scalar product of two p-vectors
**
** Copyright (C) 2013-2014, NumFOCUS Foundation.
** Derived, with permission, from the SOFA library. See notes at end of file.
*/
{
double axb[3], ss, cs, s;
/* Sine of angle between the vectors, multiplied by the two moduli. */
eraPxp(a, b, axb);
ss = eraPm(axb);
/* Cosine of the angle, multiplied by the two moduli. */
cs = eraPdp(a, b);
/* The angle. */
s = ((ss != 0.0) || (cs != 0.0)) ? atan2(ss, cs) : 0.0;
return s;
}
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------
**
**
** Copyright (C) 2013-2014, NumFOCUS Foundation.
** All rights reserved.
**
** This library is derived, with permission, from the International
** Astronomical Union's "Standards of Fundamental Astronomy" library,
** available from http://www.iausofa.org.
**
** The ERFA version is intended to retain identical functionality to
** the SOFA library, but made distinct through different function and
** file names, as set out in the SOFA license conditions. The SOFA
** original has a role as a reference standard for the IAU and IERS,
** and consequently redistribution is permitted only in its unaltered
** state. The ERFA version is not subject to this restriction and
** therefore can be included in distributions which do not support the
** concept of "read only" software.
**
** Although the intent is to replicate the SOFA API (other than
** replacement of prefix names) and results (with the exception of
** bugs; any that are discovered will be fixed), SOFA is not
** responsible for any errors found in this version of the library.
**
** If you wish to acknowledge the SOFA heritage, please acknowledge
** that you are using a library derived from SOFA, rather than SOFA
** itself.
**
**
** TERMS AND CONDITIONS
**
** Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
** modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
** are met:
**
** 1 Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
** notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
**
** 2 Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
** notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
** the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
** distribution.
**
** 3 Neither the name of the Standards Of Fundamental Astronomy Board,
** the International Astronomical Union nor the names of its
** contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
** from this software without specific prior written permission.
**
** THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
** "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
** LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
** FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
** COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
** INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING,
** BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
** LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER
** CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
** LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN
** ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
** POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
**
*/