#include "erfa.h"
int eraStarpm(double ra1, double dec1,
double pmr1, double pmd1, double px1, double rv1,
double ep1a, double ep1b, double ep2a, double ep2b,
double *ra2, double *dec2,
double *pmr2, double *pmd2, double *px2, double *rv2)
/*
** - - - - - - - - - -
** e r a S t a r p m
** - - - - - - - - - -
**
** Star proper motion: update star catalog data for space motion.
**
** Given:
** ra1 double right ascension (radians), before
** dec1 double declination (radians), before
** pmr1 double RA proper motion (radians/year), before
** pmd1 double Dec proper motion (radians/year), before
** px1 double parallax (arcseconds), before
** rv1 double radial velocity (km/s, +ve = receding), before
** ep1a double "before" epoch, part A (Note 1)
** ep1b double "before" epoch, part B (Note 1)
** ep2a double "after" epoch, part A (Note 1)
** ep2b double "after" epoch, part B (Note 1)
**
** Returned:
** ra2 double right ascension (radians), after
** dec2 double declination (radians), after
** pmr2 double RA proper motion (radians/year), after
** pmd2 double Dec proper motion (radians/year), after
** px2 double parallax (arcseconds), after
** rv2 double radial velocity (km/s, +ve = receding), after
**
** Returned (function value):
** int status:
** -1 = system error (should not occur)
** 0 = no warnings or errors
** 1 = distance overridden (Note 6)
** 2 = excessive velocity (Note 7)
** 4 = solution didn't converge (Note 8)
** else = binary logical OR of the above warnings
**
** Notes:
**
** 1) The starting and ending TDB dates ep1a+ep1b and ep2a+ep2b are
** Julian Dates, apportioned in any convenient way between the two
** parts (A and B). For example, JD(TDB)=2450123.7 could be
** expressed in any of these ways, among others:
**
** epna epnb
**
** 2450123.7 0.0 (JD method)
** 2451545.0 -1421.3 (J2000 method)
** 2400000.5 50123.2 (MJD method)
** 2450123.5 0.2 (date & time method)
**
** The JD method is the most natural and convenient to use in
** cases where the loss of several decimal digits of resolution
** is acceptable. The J2000 method is best matched to the way
** the argument is handled internally and will deliver the
** optimum resolution. The MJD method and the date & time methods
** are both good compromises between resolution and convenience.
**
** 2) In accordance with normal star-catalog conventions, the object's
** right ascension and declination are freed from the effects of
** secular aberration. The frame, which is aligned to the catalog
** equator and equinox, is Lorentzian and centered on the SSB.
**
** The proper motions are the rate of change of the right ascension
** and declination at the catalog epoch and are in radians per TDB
** Julian year.
**
** The parallax and radial velocity are in the same frame.
**
** 3) Care is needed with units. The star coordinates are in radians
** and the proper motions in radians per Julian year, but the
** parallax is in arcseconds.
**
** 4) The RA proper motion is in terms of coordinate angle, not true
** angle. If the catalog uses arcseconds for both RA and Dec proper
** motions, the RA proper motion will need to be divided by cos(Dec)
** before use.
**
** 5) Straight-line motion at constant speed, in the inertial frame,
** is assumed.
**
** 6) An extremely small (or zero or negative) parallax is interpreted
** to mean that the object is on the "celestial sphere", the radius
** of which is an arbitrary (large) value (see the eraStarpv
** function for the value used). When the distance is overridden in
** this way, the status, initially zero, has 1 added to it.
**
** 7) If the space velocity is a significant fraction of c (see the
** constant VMAX in the function eraStarpv), it is arbitrarily set
** to zero. When this action occurs, 2 is added to the status.
**
** 8) The relativistic adjustment carried out in the eraStarpv function
** involves an iterative calculation. If the process fails to
** converge within a set number of iterations, 4 is added to the
** status.
**
** Called:
** eraStarpv star catalog data to space motion pv-vector
** eraPvu update a pv-vector
** eraPdp scalar product of two p-vectors
** eraPvstar space motion pv-vector to star catalog data
**
** Copyright (C) 2013-2014, NumFOCUS Foundation.
** Derived, with permission, from the SOFA library. See notes at end of file.
*/
{
double pv1[2][3], tl1, dt, pv[2][3], r2, rdv, v2, c2mv2, tl2,
pv2[2][3];
int j1, j2, j;
/* RA,Dec etc. at the "before" epoch to space motion pv-vector. */
j1 = eraStarpv(ra1, dec1, pmr1, pmd1, px1, rv1, pv1);
/* Light time when observed (days). */
tl1 = eraPm(pv1[0]) / ERFA_DC;
/* Time interval, "before" to "after" (days). */
dt = (ep2a - ep1a) + (ep2b - ep1b);
/* Move star along track from the "before" observed position to the */
/* "after" geometric position. */
eraPvu(dt + tl1, pv1, pv);
/* From this geometric position, deduce the observed light time (days) */
/* at the "after" epoch (with theoretically unneccessary error check). */
r2 = eraPdp(pv[0], pv[0]);
rdv = eraPdp(pv[0], pv[1]);
v2 = eraPdp(pv[1], pv[1]);
c2mv2 = ERFA_DC*ERFA_DC - v2;
if (c2mv2 <= 0) return -1;
tl2 = (-rdv + sqrt(rdv*rdv + c2mv2*r2)) / c2mv2;
/* Move the position along track from the observed place at the */
/* "before" epoch to the observed place at the "after" epoch. */
eraPvu(dt + (tl1 - tl2), pv1, pv2);
/* Space motion pv-vector to RA,Dec etc. at the "after" epoch. */
j2 = eraPvstar(pv2, ra2, dec2, pmr2, pmd2, px2, rv2);
/* Final status. */
j = (j2 == 0) ? j1 : -1;
return j;
}
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------
**
**
** Copyright (C) 2013-2014, NumFOCUS Foundation.
** All rights reserved.
**
** This library is derived, with permission, from the International
** Astronomical Union's "Standards of Fundamental Astronomy" library,
** available from http://www.iausofa.org.
**
** The ERFA version is intended to retain identical functionality to
** the SOFA library, but made distinct through different function and
** file names, as set out in the SOFA license conditions. The SOFA
** original has a role as a reference standard for the IAU and IERS,
** and consequently redistribution is permitted only in its unaltered
** state. The ERFA version is not subject to this restriction and
** therefore can be included in distributions which do not support the
** concept of "read only" software.
**
** Although the intent is to replicate the SOFA API (other than
** replacement of prefix names) and results (with the exception of
** bugs; any that are discovered will be fixed), SOFA is not
** responsible for any errors found in this version of the library.
**
** If you wish to acknowledge the SOFA heritage, please acknowledge
** that you are using a library derived from SOFA, rather than SOFA
** itself.
**
**
** TERMS AND CONDITIONS
**
** Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
** modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
** are met:
**
** 1 Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
** notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
**
** 2 Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
** notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
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** distribution.
**
** 3 Neither the name of the Standards Of Fundamental Astronomy Board,
** the International Astronomical Union nor the names of its
** contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
** from this software without specific prior written permission.
**
** THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
** "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
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*/